St. Cloud State University
and LEO: Literacy Education Online
This site provides plenty of resources
for writing research papers, style, word choice,
and citation information.
University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill
This site provides a huge resource
of explanations and handouts on introductions, paragraphs,
transitions, quotations, MLA and APA citation, business
letters, application essays, etc. The site also
includes instruction on how to write for specific
fields of study such as sociology, political science
Rules for Writers
by Diana Hacker
Exercises include writing, grammar, and research.
These exercises must be worked online, as they appear
one at a time and are then scored at the end.
Verbs for Referring
You can indicate your
attitude to the sources you cite by choosing specific
verbs to refer to them. Don't just keep repeating
"Smith says." There is a wide choice of
such verbs in English. Use a dictionary to check
that you have chosen a verb with the nuance you
It is often believed that academic writing,
particularly scientific writing, is factual, simply
to convey facts and information. However it is now
recognised that an important feature of academic
writing is the concept of cautious language, often
called "hedging" or "vague language".
In other words, it is necessary to make decisions
about your stance on a particular subject, or the
strength of the claims you are making. Different
subjects prefer to do this in different ways.
This site offers hundreds of user-friendly grammar
lessons. For each issue, several lessons are provided
and each one focuses on one major usage with five
sentences to correct. Answers are listed directly
below the lessons.
330 Grammar Topics
This site lists tons of grammar-related areas
with a short tutorial. Each tutorial is followed
by interactive exercises. The multiple choice answers
can be clicked on for immediate feedback.
Pronouns and Pronoun-Antecedent
This page explains the proper use of pronouns and
explores the differences between "who"
This tool allows you to plug in the information
and get citations formatted in either APA or MLA
style. It may not save time, but it does help with
tough and unusual citations. Schools and libraries
are using it and linking to it.
The Modern Language Association will not publish
its style guide online, but it does have a useful
This page on the APA website takes
you to some FAQs about using APA to cite online
sources. Although it is not comprehensive, it is
regularly updated and a good place to start. Because
their rules for electronic sources are still evolving,
other sites will tell you to check here for the
All 4 Major Styles
This Bedford student support site offers
information on using four citation styles: MLA,
APA, CMS, and CBE. It also provides online citations
for all styles---it lists some of the major
types of online sources you might use, with
links to examples.
The Gregg Reference
This site provides grammar information that
can also be found in the actual manual such as detailed
information on punctuation, capitalization, subject-verb
agreement. This site is good for business professionals.