SAMPLE QUESTIONS…TEST 1 (More coming!)

 

These are questions I used from a previous life…I will use them as a starting point for writing your test! 

 

The Dynamics of Small Group Discussion

Multiple Choice Questions

 

1.  Hersi's ecology class decided to initiate a clean up project for their campus.  All 75 members of the class decided to commit 100% to this project!  The group met Fridays outside of class for two hours during the entire semester.  They had an attendance rate of 91%.  People took on different roles, even voting on a chair for the group, and all the work was accomplished!  What small group concept below is true for Hersi's class:

 

a.   Hersi's class fulfills the criteria for a small group due to its commitment to a common goal.

b.  Hersi's class was a dynamic group, but not a small group because it was not small enough to be perceptually aware of each member as an individual person.

c.  Hersi's class was considered a small group because they met often and formed roles.

d.  Hersi's class did not have a common goal and was not interdependent.

e.  Hersi's class did not demonstrate interaction or leadership.

 

 

Feedback:

a.   Hersi's class does not fulfill the criteria for a small group even though it has a commitment to a common goal.
b. Small groups must be just that small. While Hersi's class was a dynamic group, it was not a small group because it was not small enough for members to be perceptually aware of each other as an individual person.
c.  Hersi's class was not considered a small group even though they did meet often and formed roles.
d.  Hersi's class did have a common goal but was neither fully interdependent nor small enough to be a small group.
e.  Hersi's class did demonstrate interaction or leadership but was still not a small group due to its size.

 

2.  You believe that the communication among the members of your sociology study group has been highly effective.  Your group has specific ways of communicating that have emerged over time; for example, the group has rules such as, "When you can not meet then you need to call another member so that the group will know."   Each person seems to keep the other accountable to the rules through communication.  This group demonstrates the concept of:

 

a.  Structuration

b.  Perceptual Constancy

c.  Roles

d. Quality control

 

Feedback:

a. Structuration is the process of forming and maintaining a small group through verbal and nonverbal communication that establishes the norms and rules governing members' behaviors.

b.  Try again, this is a perception concept which states we tend to remember certain stimuli the "way it used to be" and resist change.
c.  Try again, this is not a role.
 d.  Try again, a quality circle is a type of small group of employees, which meets to recommend improvements to products and work procedures. 

3.  Mohammed, Steve, Thomas and Mary Beth are in a small group for a class assignment.  This group will last for five weeks.  The type of group they belong to is called a:


a.  Primary Group

b.  Secondary Group

c.  Quality Control Circle

d.  Codependency Team

 

Feedback:

a.  A primary group is a group that meets our most basic interpersonal needs, usually groups such as friends and family are primary groups.  These groups usually have a longer history than others do; however, over time other types of groups may become primary groups also.
b.  A secondary group is a group that we belong to that is outside of our most intimate group.  Work groups are often secondary groups.  They usually have a specific purpose and can be short term. 
c.  A quality control circle is a small group of employees that meets regularly on company time to recommend improvements to products and work procedures.

d. Try again!  

 

4.  Sativa, Darrel, Kaviata, Emily, and Chris, an automobile assembly team, are expected to be responsible for the assembling of a car from start to finish.  They are free to select their own team leaders and can even hire and fire their own members.  They determine who will do what job and in what order.  This group is called a/an:

 

a.  Primary group

b.  A quality control circle

c.  A self-managed work team

d.  A leader driven discussion group

 

Feedback:

a.  A primary group is a group that meets our most basic interpersonal needs, usually groups such as friends and family are primary groups.  These groups usually have a longer history than others do; however, over time other types of groups may become primary groups also
b.  A quality control circle is a small group of employees that meets regularly on company time to recommend improvements to products and work procedures.

c. Self-managed work teams, also called autonomous work groups, are just that: self-managed and autonomous. 

d. Try again!  

 

5.  The small group you are in seems to agree with what ought to be done, yet you have never discussed such expectations.  Everyone meets on time, you sit in the same chairs each meeting, and you always end with the same tired joke!  This ritualistic behavior demonstrates which of the communication terms:

 

a.  Small Group Norms

b.  Small Group Roles

c.  Leadership

d.  Independence

e.  Explicit Small Group Rules

 

Feedback:

 

a.  Small group norms are informal rules for interaction, which emerge over a period of time. Norms are both implicit or explicit.

b.  Small group roles are patterns of behavior of individuals.

c.  Leadership is influence toward the group's goal. 
d. This is not a pattern of such interaction, just the opposite!
e. Explicit small group rules would be spoken, agreed upon rules of behavior.  These patterns have emerged, implicitly, over time.


6.  Which of the following statements about roles is accurate:

 

a.  A formal role can be assigned to a group member, yet it might not be one adopted by the group member.

b.  Roles are sometimes formal and sometimes informal.

c.  Roles adopted by a member follow an emergence process.

d.  Roles can be functional.

e.  All of the above are true.

 

Feedback:

a.  It is true that a formal role can be assigned to a group member, yet it might not be one adopted by the group member, but look again at ALL the choices.

b.  Roles are sometimes formal and sometimes informal, but look again at ALL the choices.

c.  Roles adopted by a member follow an emergence process, but look again at ALL the choices. 
d.  Roles can be functional, but look again at ALL the choices
e.  All of the above are true

 

 

7.  Role emergence occurs:

 

a.  When a role is assigned to another person.

b.  By trial and error and are dependent upon the group's interaction.

c.  When the group rejects your attempts to fulfill a role.

d.  Only when a leader supports your attempts to fulfill the role.

 

Feedback:

a.  When a role is assigned to another person this is not the full process of emergence. In addition, emergence requires time, support of others, needs of the group, and the person's ability to perform the role.
b. Emergence requires time, support of others, needs of the group, and the person's ability to perform the role.
c. Emergence is dependent upon group support, not rejection. 
d. The group might still support you even if the leader does not, and you may still emerge in this particular role. 


8.  In your group you tend to involve yourself in activities which are generally directly relevant to helping the group complete its assignment.  Your involvement helps the group with which type of function:

a.  Maintenance Functions

b.  Task Functions

c.  Self-centered Functions

d.  All-Channel Networking Functions

e.  Group Fantasy Functions

 

Feedback:

a.  Maintenance functions deal with the relational elements
b.  Task Functions are just that: actions that function to help complete the group's task. 
c.  Self-centered functions are functions that take away from the group task

d. Try again, this is not a category of group functions.

e. Try again, this is not a category of group functions. 

9.  In your group you tend to find the discussion flowing in a hierarchical, strict order.  When you make a suggestion, it seemes to move to the person in command over you, then to the person in command over him or her, and so on.  Your group's communication network is called:

 

a.  An all-channel network

b.  A chain network

c.  A wheel network

d.  A group fantasy network

 

Feedback:

 

a.  An all-channel network is not hierarchical. 
b.  A chain network is hierarchical, like going up a chain of command. 
c.  A wheel network is not hierarchical
d.  This is not a network, try again.

 

 

10.  Your communication studies small group is working on a class assignment due on Tuesday.  It is now Sunday night.  Suddenly a member says,  "What if this role-play could really happen, and then we all become famous, and then a major producer makes a movie about our group!!!" Another group member adds, "Yeah, we could be the "New Breakfast Club for the 2000's!'"  Yet another person says, "Yeah, and instead of giving this presentation to the class, we present it on a satellite-hook-up across the world!"  Finally you all laugh and say, "So lets stay up all night for our fans, in class and in the rest of the world: our pubic is waiting!!" This type of conversation:

 

a.  Is ill productive and should be avoided since it took you off the task of the group.

b.  Can be very effective for the group since it helps the group to make sense of their experience and to anticipate the future.

c.  Is an example of a self-centered role emergence.

d.  Reduces group cohesion.

e.  Can decrease membership satisfaction since no work ever occurs when a group is allowed to "chain out" in a "fantasy chain."

 

Feedback:

a.  While it does seem to be off task, the discussion  is providing a rich maintenance function.  Fantasy chains such as this can even help by talking about the "there and then" to make sense of the "here and now."   

b.  Group fantasy is very effective for groups since it helps the group to make sense of their experience and to anticipate the future.

c.  This is not an example of a self-centered role emergence.

d. Group fantasy tends to increase group cohesion.

e.  Group fantasy generally helps to increase membership satisfaction.

 

 

11.  A hidden agenda:

 

a.  Can help a group meet trust needs.

b.  Tends to place individual needs and wants ahead of the group.

c.  Ultimately tends to reduce group defensiveness.

d.  Helps a group promote cohesion.

e.  All of the above are generally true concerning hidden agendas.

 

Feedback:

a.  Hidden agendas tend to decrease trust needs when it is "found out" that a member was pushing for his or her own idea for a purpose outside of the group's goal.

b.  Hidden agendas do tend to place individual needs, wants and goals above the collective needs, wants and goals of the group.
c. Ultimately, they tend to increase group defensiveness
d. Hidden agendas reduce group cohesion.

e. Try again, there is only one correct response to this question.

 

12.  Concerning cohesiveness, a group should understand:

 

a.  When a group is cohesive, members tend to feel a strong sense of belonging to the group.

b.  When a group is cohesive, they tend to value their relationships with each other.

c.  When a group is cohesive, group- think can occur which might harm the group ultimately.

d.  All of the above are correct according the research reported in the text.

e.  Only a and b are true.

 

Feedback:

a.  While this is true, look again at all of the questions' responses. 

b.  While this is true, look again at all of the questions' responses. 

d.  While this is true, look again at all of the questions' responses.  .

d.  Cohesion tends to increase the sense of belonging and the value of the relationship.  Groupthink, an unhealthy decision making process which suspends critical thought is also more prevelent in cohesive groups.

e.  Try again..

 

 

13.  Which of the following behaviors promote a supportive climate in a small group:

 

a.  Neutrality

b.  Control

c.  Evaluation

d.  Problem orientation

e.  Strategy

 

Feedback:
a.  Neutrality promotes defensive climates. 

b.  Control promotes defensive climates.

c.  Evaluation promotes defensive climates. 

d.  Problem orientation promotes supportive climates.  The problem, not the personality is the center of discussion.

e.  Strategy promotes defensive climates.

 

Group Leadership, Conflict and Problem Solving

Multiple Choice Questions

 

1.  When defining group leadership, which of the following is essential in the definition:

 

a.  That the leadership is demonstrated by only one person so as to avoid conflict.

b.  That influence is exhibited whether it meets group goals or not.

c.  That the influence of others is focused toward helping meet the goals of the group.

d.  That leadership is not seen as influence.

 

Feedback:

a.  Leadership can be shared; also conflict can be good for a group.  It is good to manage it, not to avoid it. 

b. Leadership must guide the group toward some group goals. 

c.  Leadership is the influence of others is geared to meet the goals of the group. 
d. Influence is fundamental to leadership.  .

 

2.  Your boss assigns Ronald the role as your group's coordinator while she is gone for a month.  From what you know from this brief description, Ronald is considered a/n:

 

a.  Emergent leader

b.  Designated leader

c.  Referent Leader

d.  Coercion Leader

e.  Laissez-faire leader

 

Feedback:

 

a.  An emergent leader would emerge over a period of time; all we know from this description is that Ronald was designated to be the leader.

b.  Ronald is designated leader that is an "assigned" position. 

c.  Try again.  .

d.  Ronald used no force.

e.  We know nothing about Ronald's style so we can not say that he is a laissez-faire leader.  .

 

3.  While Ronald was appointed as the leader by your employer, he does not fulfill the duties very well.  Instead, Emily begins to challenge Ronald's methods and suggests another approach to the task.  Everyone begins to follow Emily instead of Ronald for now on.  From what is described here, you can conclude:

 

a.  Emily has become an emergent leader.

b.  Ronald has become an emergent leader.

c.  Ronald is a designated leader and Emily is not exhibiting leadership in this scene.

d.  The group is leaderless now since Ronald is no longer exhibiting leadership.

e.  Emily has become the designated leader.

 

Feedback:

a.  Emily has become an emergent leader, she has made an influence toward the group's goals and the group did follow her lead. 

b.  Ronald, while originally the designated leader, has not emerged as the leader. 

c.  Ronald is still the designated leader in the eyes of their boss, but Emily is certainly exhibiting leadership in this scene.    

d.  Ronald is no longer exhibiting leadership, but Emily is.   

e.  Emily is the emergent leader, not the designated leader. 

 

4.  Everyone in your group admires and respects the leader and therefore follows her suggestion to adopt the proposal on the table.  The type of power described here is called:

 

a.  Reward Power

b.  Punishment Power

c.  Expert Power

d.  Referent Power

e.  Austin Powers

 

Feedback:

a.  Reward power is power derived from the ability to give others tangible or intangible things they want and need

b.  Punishment power is power derived from the ability to withhold what others want and need

c.  Expert power is power derived from knowledge or expertise valued by the group

d.  Referent power is power based on others' admiration and respect

e.  Austin Powers is an attempt at a joke! 


5.  You are working on a small group project focusing on the policy question   "what, if anything, can we do to save the plane?" Debbie seems to be an emergent leader due to her vast experience in this area.  Her views seem especially valued during discussion due to her expertise and knowledge of recycling.  Her influence in a recent group decision was based upon her knowledge of the topic.  Her power demonstrated here is called:

 

a.  Reward Power

b.  Punishment Power

c.  Expert Power

d.  Referent Power

e.  Austin Powers

 

Feedback:

a.  Reward power is power derived from the ability to give others tangible or intangible things they want and need

b.  Punishment power is power derived from the ability to withhold what others want and need.

c.  Expert power is power derived from knowledge or expertise valued by the group

d.  Referent power is power based on others' admiration and respect

e.  Austin Powers is an attempt at a joke!

 

 

6.  When a member fails to complete an assigned task, the leader of your group, Mac, tends to frown and make a note of it in his little black book. The members realize if  Mac makes three such marks, you will become demoted!  After ten, you can be fired.  Mac is administrating the power called:

 

a.  Reward Power

b.  Punishment Power

c.  Expert Power

d.  Referent Power

e.  Austin Powers

 

Feedback:

a.  Reward power is power derived from the ability to give others tangible or intangible things they want and need

b.  Punishment power is power derived from the ability to withhold what others want and need
c.  Expert power is power derived from knowledge or expertise valued by the group.

d.  Referent power is power based on others' admiration and respect.

e.  Austin Powers is an attempt at a joke!

 

7.  LaDonna say, "Leaders are born, not made.  You either have it or you don't when it comes to leadership. You need to be outgoing, have a great smile and a natural style."  Her view of leaders most approximates which of the following theoretical approaches to leadership:

 

a.  Trait Approach

b.  Style Approaches

c.  Contingency Approaches

d.  Representative Approach

e.  Communicative Competencies Approach

 

Feedback:

a.  The trait approach asserts leaders are born, not made.

b.  The style approaches to studying leadership focus on the leader's pattern of behavior.

c.  The contingency approaches to studying leadership assume that different leadership situations require different leadership behaviors.

d.  This is not a leadership style. 

e.  The communicative competencies approach to leadership focus on how leaders exert influence by using specific communication skills and behaviors.

 

8.  Ian asserts, "Leaders must have a specific pattern of leadership which works for the people they are leading.  People in the United States prefer a democratic pattern, thus democratic leaders, as opposed to autocratic leaders are successful in American Society."  Ian's beliefs adhere to which of the following theoretical approaches to leadership:

 

a.  Trait Approach

b.  Style Approaches

c.  Contingency Approaches

d.  Representative Approach

e.  Communicative Competencies Approach

 

Feedback:

a.  The trait approach asserts leaders are born, not made.

b.  The style approaches to studying leadership focus on the leader's pattern of behavior.

c.  The contingency approaches to studying leadership assume that different leadership situations require different leadership behaviors.

d.  This is not a leadership style.

e.  The communicative competencies approach to leadership focus on how leaders exert influence by using specific communication skills and behaviors.

 

9.  Cassandra states, "Leadership varies.   Different situations require different leadership styles.  Even a single group's situation will vary over time and so will the leadership."  Her view of leadership best describes which of the following theoretical approaches to leadership:

 

a.  Trait Approach

b.  Style Approaches

c.  Contingency Approaches

d.  Representative Approach

e.  Communicative Competencies Approach

 

Feedback:

a.  The trait approach asserts leaders are born, not made.

b.  The style approaches to studying leadership focus on the leader's pattern of behavior.

c.  The contingency approaches to studying leadership assume that different leadership situations require different leadership behaviors.

d.  This is not a leadership style.

e.  The communicative competencies approach to leadership focus on how leaders exert influence by using specific communication skills.

 

10.  Lucas is the president of the campus environmental club.  He tends to favor a strict control over the events, budget and even over the  membership of the group.  His leadership is best described as:

 

a.  Democratic

b.  Laissez-faire

c.  Autocratic

d.  Multi-cratic


Feedback:

a.  Democratic leadership, as mentioned on page 240, encourages members to participate fully in group decisions. 

b.  Laissez-faire leadership, as mentioned on page 240, encourages are "hands off" leadership guidance.

c.  Autocratic leaders, as mentioned on page 240, are leaders who maintain strict control over group members.

d.  Multi-cratic is not a leadership style.  See page 240 for more information.

 

11.  LaTisha is the student senate president.  She tends to step back from the decision making process with a "hands off" approach to leadership.  She believes that a leader is merely a coordinator.  She often says, "I don't care, whatever the group decides is fine by me."  Her leadership style is best described as:

 

a.  Democratic

b.  Laissez-faire

c.  Autocratic

d.  Multi-cratic


Feedback:

a.  Democratic leadership, as mentioned on page 240, encourages members to participate fully in group decisions. 

b.  Laissez-faire leadership, as mentioned on page 240, encourages are "hands off" leadership guidance.

c.  Autocratic leaders, as mentioned on page 240, are leaders who maintain strict control over group members.

d.  Multi-cratic is not a leadership style.  See page 240 for more information.

 

 

12.  Bernice, a manager at a major plastics corporation, often encourages employees to participate in the group decisions, stating, "What suggestions do you have for solving this problem?"  She uses this information to make the final decisions.  Bernices' style of leadership is best described as:

 

a.  Democratic

b.  Laissez-faire

c.  Autocratic

d.  Multi-cratic


Feedback:

a.  Democratic leadership encourages members to participate fully in group decisions. 

b.  Laissez-faire leadership. encouurages are "hands off" leadership guidance.

c.  Autocratic leaders are leaders who maintain strict control over group members.

d.  Multi-cratic is not a leadership style.

 

 

Extra Questions:

 

13.  If a group's discussion topic is, "What, if anything, can be done about the lack of parking space at UCR?" the group is discussing which type of question that gives rise to persuasive speeches:

 

a.  A question of fact

b.  A question of value

c.  A question of policy

d.  A question of interpretation

e.  A question of actuation

 

14.  At which of the following would you most likely hear a persuasive speech on a question of fact?

 

a.  At a church or synagogue

b.  At a jury trial

c.  At an awards ceremony

d. At a political rally seeking votes. 

 

15.  Which of the following best represents a group's absolute criteria:

 

a.  Reduce, if possible, the rate of the cost for the product

b.  The group must file a federal tax form

c.  The group could include a written summary at the end of the project with the legal document.

d.  The group might decide to decrease the number of participants.

e.  The group may hand in the report early to make a good impression.

 

 

16.  In the brainstorming process, which is not true:

 

a.  Quantity of ideas should be focused upon.

b.  In addition to quantity, the quality of the ideas must be evaluated in this phase.

c.  Any and all ideas are potentially good or bad, so just generate anything for ideas.

d.  The group should continue brainstorming until no new ideas are formulated.

e.  All of the following are true.

 

17.  Group-think is:

a.  A desirable output of effective brainstorming

b.  Should be encouraged since the group is allowed to think as a whole.

c.  Can result when a highly cohesive group makes a decision without any conflict.

d.  Increases full, honest group participation.

e.  All of the above.

 

18.  Mary and Lori are debating a proposal the group may or may not adopt.  Each feels very strongly about her position.  This conflict is

a.  An example of affective conflict

b.  An example of substantive conflict

c.  An example of group-think

d.  An example of absolute criteria

e.  An example of P-MOPS

 

19.  During a group conflict, the text suggests that the leader use which of the following tactics to lead the group through the problem-solving process:

 

a.  Make sure everyone knows the purpose of the meeting.

b.  Suggest procedures to follow.

c.  Ask a clear, measurable problem and question to focus initial discussion.

d.  Make sure everyone has an equal opportunity to speak.

e.        All of the above suggestions help the leader to improve the group's problem-solving ability.

 

The Dynamics of Small Group Discussion

True and False Questions

 

1. According to the research reported in your text, women tend to display more signs of potency while men display more signs of liking in small group.

 

a.  True

b.  False

 

 

 

2. Research indicates that women tend to pay more attention to the relationship development among group members whereas men are more task oriented.

 

a.  True

b.  False

 

 

 

3.  A man who hears someone saying, "ummhmm" during a conversation is more likely to decode this as the other person is not listening to him.  However, when a woman who hears someone saying "ummhumm" will believe that the person is agreeing with her.

 

a.  True

b.  False

 

a.  Try again, research indicates that men decode a "ummhmm" as agreement, while women might "ummhmm" merely to encourage the speaker to continue regardless of whether or not she agrees with the speaker.  See page 215 for more information.

b. Research indicates that men decode a "ummhmm" as agreement, while women might "ummhmm" merely to encourage the speaker to continue regardless of whether or not she agrees with the speaker.  See page 215 for more information.

 

4.  African-American cultures are more collective than European-Americans or Asian-Americans are.  This means that African-Americans tend to attend more to individual needs than group needs.

 

a.  True

b.  False

 

Feedback:

a.  Try again, African-Americas are more collective than European-Americans or Asian Americans.  But this means just that African-Americans tend to attend more to group needs than individual needs, as explained on page 216.

b. African-Americas are more collective than European-Americans or Asian Americans.  But this means just that African-Americans tend to attend more to group needs than individual needs, as explained on page 216.

 

 

5.  Maintenance functions of a group are behaviors that are directly relevant to the group's task that affect the group's output.

 

a.  True

b.  False

 

Feedback:

a.  Try again, this is a description of task functions, not maintenance functions as described on page 221.

b.  Maintenance functions are behaviors that focus on the interpersonal relationships among members as described on page 221.

 

Group Leadership, Conflict and Problem Solving

Fill in the Blank Questions

 

 

1.  _____________ can an result when a highly cohesive group makes a decision without any conflict.  This usually occurs because no one wants to "rock the boat" and would rather not cause tension. Therefore, when members have objections, they tend not to mention them if this process occurs.

 

a.  Groupthink

 

Feedback:

a. Groupthink is the failure of a group to evaluate its options thoroughly and critically because members fail to express disagreement.  See page 252.

 

2.  Mary and Lori are debating a proposal the group may or may not adopt. Each feels very strongly about her position.  This conflict is called _________ conflict. 

 

a.  substantive

 

 

3.  A group's _________ is the group's assignment.

 

a.  charge

 

 

 

Group Leadership, Conflict and Problem Solving

True and False Questions

 

1.  Important criteria are criteria that must be met; the group has no leeway.

 

a.  True

b.  False

 

 

2.  During the brainstorming process of problem-solving, the group should evaluates as many topics as possible.

 

a. True

b. False

 

 

3.  During a group problem-solving session, substantive conflict should be avoided at all costs.

 

a.  True

b.  False