Group Formation and Development

Directions: Most writers on the formation and development of groups will refer to the stages identified by Tuckman (1965) as forming, stroming, norming and conforming. Reflect on how your group has developed. Print this sheet and then complete the questions in the left column.

Name: Group Members:


At this stage, group members will be uncertain of the group's structure and its goals or a strategy for achieving them; they will as a result be quite dependent on the leader.

How did your group "Form?"







At this stage, conflict and disagreements between the group members and the leader will arise, as well as between various sub-groups; there will be a tendency to rebel against the rules which have been established. If you accept the basic premise that membership of a group is motivated by a desire to achieve one's own ends more effectively than a person could as an isolated individual, then this 'storming' stage, where each individual competes for the dominance of his or her ends, should come as no surprise. How did your group "Storm?"


The group becomes more mature and cohesive; group norms develop beyond any formally established rules.

How did your group "Norm?"









Conflicts between individuals are resolved; the group works constructively on problem-solving and energy is directed towards the task.

How did your group "Conform?"