Wood’s Chapter 4 Notes
The World of Words


The Symbolic Nature of Language

Symbols are arbitrary, ambiguous, & abstract representations of other phenomena.

Qualities of Symbols

Symbolic Abilities

Principles of Verbal Communication


Meanings and Messages

Message Characteristics

Speech Communities

Examples of Speech Communities

Guidelines for Improvement Concerning Language Use


Consider These Special Language Choices and Concerns

Example 1 -- Imagine...

Example 2 -- Imagine...

Language can Build Bridges or Walls

Exercise: How many terms can you write to refer to:

Racism and Language

Sexism and Language

Hetrosexism and Language

Other Areas to be Mindful of Concerning Language: Talking with the Grief-stricken

Interaction of Verbal and NV Messages